Cosmetic surgery, also known as aesthetic plastic surgery, is specifically concerned with maintaining normal appearance, restoring it, or enhancing it beyond the average level toward some aesthetic ideal.
The number of cosmetic procedures performed in the United States has increased over 50 percent since the start of the century. Nearly 12 million cosmetic procedures were performed in 2007, with the five most common surgeries being breast augmentation, liposuction, rhinoplasty, eyelid surgery and abdominoplasty. The nonsurgical procedures include Botox and laser hair removal.
In Europe, the second largest market for cosmetic procedures, cosmetic surgery is a $2.2 billion business. Cosmetic surgery is now very common in countries such as the United Kingdom, France, and Germany. China and India and Thailand have become Asia's biggest cosmetic surgery markets. In particular for affordable breast augmentation and sex change surgery.